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Published January 23, 2012, 11:30 PM

Hot Topics: Risky abortions on the increase, new report says

The numbers of abortions performed annually worldwide has held steady in recent years, but the proportion of abortions that are considered unsafe is rising, according to a new report from the Guttmacher Institute and the World Health Organization.

By: Karen Kaplan, Los Angeles Times, INFORUM

The numbers of abortions performed annually worldwide has held steady in recent years, but the proportion of abortions that are considered unsafe is rising, according to a new report from the Guttmacher Institute and the World Health Organization.

The study also found that about one in five pregnancies were terminated in 2008 and that “restrictive abortion laws” do not seem to deter women from seeking the procedure.

One of the primary motivations for the study was to determine whether the number of unsafe abortions was increasing or decreasing, because these abortions are a major contributor to morbidity and mortality among women of childbearing age. Unsafe abortion has been defined by the WHO as “a procedure for termination of an unintended pregnancy done either by people lacking the necessary skills or in an environment that does not conform to minimum medical standards, or both.”

Under these circumstances, it’s not easy to find reliable statistics. So the researchers made estimates based on surveys of women, hospital records and whatever data could be gleaned from published studies. Statistics on safe abortions were taken primarily from government records and questionnaires filled out by government agencies.

Here’s some of what the researchers found:

<•> About 43.8 million abortions were performed around the world in 2008, up slightly from 41.6 million in 2003 but below the 45.6 million performed in 1995.

<•> Though the total number of abortions rose, the rate of abortions per 1,000 women of reproductive age fell slightly from 29 in 2003 to 28 in 2008. The difference was too small to be considered statistically significant. In 1995, the abortion rate was 35 per 1,000 women.

<•> In 2008, the abortion rate in the developing world – 29 per 1,000 women – was higher than in the developed world, where 24 out of 1,000 women terminated a pregnancy.

<•> The abortion rate was higher in parts of the world with restrictive abortion laws than it was in regions with liberal abortion laws.

Source: Karen Kaplan, Los Angeles Times, Distributed by MCT Information Services

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