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Published April 17, 2012, 11:30 PM

Better burgers that go beyond beef

We’ve been flipping up a storm at the backyard grill, making burgers from a variety of meats (and in one case, a vegetable).

By: Joe Bonwich, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, INFORUM

We’ve been flipping up a storm at the backyard grill, making burgers from a variety of meats (and in one case, a vegetable).

Our first suggestion: Use high-quality, relatively low-fat beef, but add some fat, working from the inside out. Putting a pat of herb butter inside the uncooked patty makes the interior moist while adding flavor.

Our second suggestion: Skip the beef and go with bison for a full, meaty flavor.

Our third suggestion involves moving beyond red meat. Make a burger out of fish – a tuna burger, for example – or take advantage of the fact that a portobello mushroom cap cooked on the grill looks a lot like burger patty.

Hamburgers With Herb Butter

Yield: 4 servings

4 teaspoons finely chopped fresh herbs (any combination of parsley, chives, basil, oregano and tarragon)

1/2 clove garlic, minced

Freshly ground black pepper

1/4 cup (1/2 stick) salted butter, at room temperature

1 1/2 pounds ground sirloin, round or chuck

Coarse salt

4 slices pancetta, optional

4 slices white Cheddar cheese, optional

4 hamburger buns

2 tablespoons melted butter

Directions

1. Place herbs, garlic, 1/4 teaspoon black pepper and softened butter in a small mixing bowl; stir or beat to combine thoroughly. Place on a piece of plastic wrap or parchment paper, roll into a cylinder and twist the ends to compact the mixture. Refrigerate or freeze until firm.

2. Cut the herbed butter into 4 slices. Wet your hands with cold water and divide the ground beef into 4 portions. Pat each portion of beef into a thick patty. Press an indentation into the center of the patty, filling it with a slice of herbed butter. Mold the beef to enclose the butter completely. Sprinkle burgers with salt and pepper to taste.

3. Set up a grill for direct heat and preheat to high. When ready to cook, brush oil on the grill grate. Grill the pancetta, if using, until golden brown, 2 to 3 minutes per side. Transfer to a plate lined with paper towels to drain.

4. Place the burgers on the hot grate and season again with salt and pepper. Grill the burgers until cooked through, 5 to 7 minutes per side for medium. If desired, rotate the burgers 90 degrees halfway through cooking each side for an attractive crosshatch of grill marks. If using cheese and/or pancetta, place a slice of each on each burger after you’ve flipped it, pancetta first. To test for doneness, insert an instant-read meat thermometer through the side of the burger into the center, letting the temperature reach 160 degrees for medium.

5. Brush the buns with the melted butter and toast on the grill for 30 seconds to 1 minute. Assemble the burgers, adding toppings (lettuce, raw or grilled onion, tomato) and condiments as desired.

Per serving (made with ground sirloin): 565 calories; 33g fat; 17g saturated fat; 150mg cholesterol; 38g protein; 27g carbohydrate; 3g sugar; 1g fiber; 395mg sodium; 115mg calcium.

Adapted from “How to Grill,” by Steven Raichlen (Workman, 2001)

’Bello Burger'

Yield: 4 servings

1/4 cup balsamic vinegar

1/4 cup soy sauce

1/4 cup plus 1 teaspoon olive oil, divided

3 cloves garlic, minced

4 portobello mushroom caps (about 5 inches in diameter)

1/2 medium roasted red bell pepper, stemmed, skinned and seeded

1/3 cup mayonnaise

1 pinch ground red (cayenne) pepper

4 thin slices mozzarella cheese, optional

4 large, crusty rolls, such as kaiser rolls

4 lettuce leaves

4 slices ripe tomato

Directions

1. At least 30 minutes and up to 2 hours before you plan to grill, prepare a marinade by combining the balsamic vinegar, soy sauce, 1/4 cup olive oil and garlic in a medium bowl. Place the mushrooms in a plastic bag, pour the marinade into the bag, shake to coat and let sit at room temperature. Turn the bag occasionally to saturate the surface of the mushrooms with the marinade.

2. Cut roasted red pepper into several chunks and place in a food processor or blender. Add mayonnaise, the remaining 1 teaspoon olive oil and cayenne pepper. Process until puréed. Refrigerate until serving time.

3. Prepare grill for direct heat at medium temperature. Drain mushroom caps, discarding marinade. Place mushrooms, gill-side down, on the grill. Grill uncovered for 8 to 10 minutes, turning the mushrooms twice. Top each with a cheese slice, if using, after the second turn. Meanwhile, toast the rolls at the edge of the grill.

4. Place the mushrooms on the bottoms of the toasted rolls and top with lettuce, tomato and dollops of the mayonnaise. Close the sandwiches with the top of the buns. Serve hot.

Per serving: 400 calories; 24g fat; 3g saturated fat; 5mg cholesterol; 8g protein; 38g carbohydrate; 6g sugar; 3g fiber; 935mg sodium; 65mg calcium.

Adapted from “Born to Grill,” by Cheryl Alters Jamison and Bill Jamison (Harvard Common Press, 1998)

Bison Burgers

Yield: 4 servings

1 egg

2 tablespoons Worcestershire sauce

1 tablespoon minced shallot

Salt

Freshly ground black pepper

1 pound ground bison

4 hamburger buns

Directions:

1. Preheat a grill for direct heat.

2. Combine egg and Worcestershire sauce in a bowl; beat with a fork until well combined. Stir in shallot and salt and pepper to taste. Add bison; with your hands, mix gently but well. Form into four patties. Season again with salt and pepper.

3. Brush oil on the grill grate. Cook burgers over direct heat 4 to 6 minutes per side. If desired, rotate the burgers 90 degrees halfway through cooking each side for an attractive crosshatch of grill marks. Cook until an instant-read meat thermometer reads 125 degrees for rare, 135 degrees for medium-rare or 145 degrees for medium. Cooking beyond medium is not recommended as bison can dry out easily.

4. Place each patty on a bun, garnish as desired and serve.

Per serving: 330 calories; 17g fat; 7g saturated fat; 115mg cholesterol; 22g protein; 22g carbohydrate; 3g sugar; 1g fiber; 370mg sodium; 75mg calcium.

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