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Large-scale crypto mining data center planned for western North Dakota oil patch

Two Montana cryptocurrency companies debuted plans to develop a massive data center west of Williston, with aims of achieving a 700-megawatt scale within two years.

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Gov. Doug Burgum, left, speaks with FX Solutions's Richard Tabish and Atlas Power's Kevin Washington at an event debuting plans for the Williston, North Dakota, data center on Wednesday, Jan. 26, 2022.
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BISMARCK — North Dakota Gov. Doug Burgum and two cryptocurrency companies unveiled plans Wednesday, Jan. 26, for a massive data center outside Williston, a $1.9 billion project that developers said will be among the largest standalone, high-performance computing facilities in the world.

The data center is being constructed by Montana-based FX Solutions and will be owned and operated by Atlas Power, also of Montana. Executives from the companies laid out plans to construct the facility in three phases, with the first stage drawing on 240-megawatts of electricity — roughly, the amount of energy needed to power the city of Fargo — and eventually ramping up to a powerhouse 700-megawatt scale.

“This is a major investment that's occurring,” Burgum said during an announcement event at the Mountrail-Williams Electric Cooperative headquarters in Williston. The second-term Republican and former software executive touted the high performance computing industry's potential to diversify western North Dakota's boom-and-bust oil economy and said the project would “further cement North Dakota's growing reputation as a global hub for data centers.”

In its first phase, the Atlas Power data center is expected to perform a host of energy-intensive jobs, Burgum spokesman Mike Nowatzki said, with about 65% of resources dedicated to mining cryptocurrency. The remaining energy would be used for data storage, machine learning and artificial intelligence tasks, among other things, Nowatzki said.

Sixteen buildings, each the length of a football field, will hold the computing systems in the project’s initial phase, with site work for the facilities already underway on 77 acres west of Williston. FX Solutions president Richard Tabish said he expects to have phase one completed by the end of 2022, and to achieve the 700-megawatt scale within two years.

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Atlas Power President Kevin Washington, the son of Montana billionaire Dennis Washington, said Wednesday’s announcement was a step forward for his company’s aims of becoming “the largest cryptocurrency company in the world with a carbon neutral footprint.” Atlas Power currently operates a 75 megawatt data center in Butte, Montana.

Gov. Burgum aware that businessman bringing crypto-mining to North Dakota has a checkered background

Tabish said the two companies chose North Dakota for their project partly because of how quickly they would be able to bring the data center to completion here.

Data centers have sprouted up rapidly around the world in recent years, spurred by the growing demand for cloud computing and cryptocurrency transactions.

Developers have also set their sights on North Dakota as a location for new data centers in part because the state’s frigid winters help with the cooling processes needed to keep hardware from overheating. Smaller projects are underway in Jamestown and Grand Forks, while Rainbow Energy, the buyer of Coal Creek Station, has publicized plans to add a data center near North Dakota’s largest coal plant. The company has not disclosed specifics about the size or computing purposes of that facility.

Data centers require around-the-clock power, making them highly energy intensive and reliant on 24/7 resources like coal and natural gas. Cryptocurrency operations, in particular, have drawn criticism from environmentalists who see the process as feeding fossil fuel generation and unnecessarily driving planet-warming greenhouse gas emissions.

While the data center sector is nascent in North Dakota, the industry has clustered in a handful of locations around the country, including northern Virginia, Silicon Valley and Dallas. A September report from the commercial real estate firm CBRE found that northern Virginia has the country's largest inventory of data centers, at over 1,500 megawatts.

FX Solutions and Atlas Power said their project would create around 100 temporary construction jobs and support 30 employees on site over the long-term.

Readers can reach Forum reporter Adam Willis, a Report for America corps member, at awillis@forumcomm.com.

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