FARGO — The North Dakota Department of Health (NDDoH) reminds residents that preventing mosquito bites is the most effective way to avoid West Nile virus.

Although there have not been any human cases of West Nile reported to the NDDoH so far this year, there is risk of contracting it anytime mosquitoes are active.

Tips to avoid mosquito bites:

  • Use insect repellent registered with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) that contain ingredients such as DEET, picaridin, IR3535, oil of lemon eucalyptus, PMD, and permethrin (clothing only).
  • Wear protective clothing outdoors such as long-sleeved shirts, long pants and socks.
  • Limit outdoor activities between dusk and dawn when mosquitoes that can carry West Nile are most likely to bite.
  • Eliminate stagnant water in containers around homes where mosquitoes can lay their eggs (e.g. gutters, buckets, flower pots, old tires, wading pools and birdbaths).

  • Install or repair screens on windows and doors to keep mosquitoes out of your residence.

  • Maintain a well-trimmed yard and landscape around your home.