Ten of the top 20 years with the warmest annually averaged temperature (January through December) in Fargo-Moorhead have occurred in the past 20 years. This is impressive considering there have been 138 years on record through 2018.

The present year, however, is not following this trend. In fact, through mid-August, 2019 is ranked as the 42nd coldest out of 139 years. Similarly, 10 of the coldest 20 years on record occurred during the 1880s and 1890s.

The coldest year was 1883 with an average daily mean temperature of 34.2 degrees. The warmest was 2016 with an average daily mean temperature of 46.7 degrees. This means that each day in 2016 was an average of 12.5 degrees warmer than each day in 1883.

In general, the average daily mean temperature over the 1880s and 1890s was 4.7 degrees colder than the 2000s and 2010s have been. This makes the present cool year remarkably against the ongoing warming context, but not particularly cold when compared to the entire period of record.

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