The Holy Quran mentions the advice of Luqman to his son (31:12/13-19/20).
“And we bestowed wisdom on Luqman, saying, ‘Be grateful to God:’ and whoso is grateful, is grateful only for the good of his own soul. And whoso is ungrateful, then surely God is self-sufficient, praiseworthy. And remember when Luqman said to his son while exhorting him, ‘O my dear son! associate not partners with God. Surely, associating partners with God is a grievous wrong.’”
Luqman advises his son to shun idolatry, slavery of means and ego, as they curtail a person’s free pursuit of continuous advancement and progress in life.
“And we have enjoined on man concerning his parents—his mother bears him in weakness upon weakness, and his weaning takes two years—Give thanks to me and to thy parents. Unto me is the final return. And if they contend with thee to make thee set up equals with me concerning which thou hast no knowledge, obey them not, but be a kind companion to them in all worldly affairs; and in spiritual matters follow the way of him who turns to me. Then unto me will be your return and I shall inform you of what you used to do.”
Man must recognize the bounties of God upon him and the sacrifices parents make for children, and thus treat his parents with gratefulness. But in the matter of faith, he must follow the right course.
“O my dear son! even though it be the weight of a grain of mustard seed, and even though it be in a rock, or in the heavens, or in the earth, God will surely bring it out; verily God is the knower of all subtleties, all-aware.”
Man must not fall into despair and must realize and comprehend that there is a powerful and mighty God who watches over everything. God, despite all adversarial circumstances, has the power and means to recognize, appreciate and justly reward a person’s potential and sincere and honest endeavors.
“O my dear son! Observe prayer, and enjoin good, and forbid evil, and endure patiently whatever may befall thee. Surely this is of those matters which require firm resolve.”
Regular worship strengthens faith and resolve. Man has to be brave, patient and steadfast to be a positive influence in the society to keep it wholesome and beneficial to each other.
“And turn not thy cheek away from men in pride nor walk in the earth haughtily; Surely, God loves not any arrogant boaster.”
All men are equal and must treat and support each other with justice and equity.
“And walk thou at a moderate pace, and lower thy voice; verily, the most disagreeable of voices is the voice of the ass.”
One should adopt moderation in the pursuits of life, and not freeze his search so as to deprive himself of the discovery of matters of knowledge and wisdom and neither let it loose in pursuing useless matters.
Luqman’s advice makes an eternal gift for sons and fathers.