In the spring, fisheries biologists have a small window of time to collect the northern pike and walleye eggs that are eventually stocked in North Dakota lakes as fingerlings in May and June.
In the fall, those same biologists revisit many of the waters where fish are stocked to see how those fingerlings are faring.
North Dakota State Game and Fish Department fisheries management section leader Scott Gangl shared some insight into this fall fish reproduction survey in a recent edition of the Game and Fish weekly webcast “Outdoors Online.”
“Our biologists sample a lot of our lakes around the state looking for young-of-the-year fish, fish that were either stocked or reproduced this year,” Gangl said. “And it gives us an index of how well those stockings took … how well those fish survived into the fall, or whether there was any natural reproduction on some fish species.”
Gangl says angler use is a factor in determining which lakes are surveyed, as biologists can’t get to all of the more than 400 lakes in one year.
“Some of our heavily fished lakes are a priority, because this information really factors into what they're stocking next year, what their plans are for the future,” he said. “Or they might have a new lake that they just stocked for the first time this year.
“We like to see how well our stocking success is from this year. It tells us, did we have a really good year class? Was there good survival? Or if we know that there's good survival this year, we might be able to take a year off next year. Or if we know that there's good survival on a new walleye fishery, we can kind of monitor how fast those fish are growing.”
Something in which anglers are always interested is the reproduction/stocking success on the state’s “Big 3” fishing waters — Lake Sakakawea, Devils Lake, and Lake Oahe/Missouri River. Here is Gangl’s preliminary assessment of those waters.
On Lake Sakakawea: “It looks like Sakakawea might have a fairly good number of walleye out there. I haven't seen information on the other species yet, but we had high water this summer and I think conditions in Sakakawea were pretty good for a lot of fish.”
On Devils Lake: “It looks like their young-of-the-year walleye catches were pretty much close to the long-term average. The downside to Devil's Lake, they're not seeing much for young-of-the-year perch, and we could use a perch year-class up there.”
On Missouri River/Oahe: “The one good-bad thing that they found is fairly good numbers of (naturally produced” young-of-the-year walleye (on Oahe). And I say ‘good-bad’ because everybody likes walleye, right, but there's not a lot of forage in Lake Oahe … I think anglers who fish Lake Oahe are probably familiar with the fact that there's a lot of smaller fish in the system. They have been there for a few years and they're not growing. We don't need another year-class of walleye out there right now, but it looks like there might be one coming up.”